Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)- One of the most common neurobehavioral disorders of childhood.
There are 3 subtypes
1) Predominantly Inattentive Type: Difficult to organize or finish a task, doesn’t pay attention to details, follow instructions or conversations. Is easily distracted, frequently forgets the details of daily routines.
2) Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type: Fidgets and talks a lot. Can’t sit still for long. Restless, may be impulsive and interrupt. May not wait turn or listen to directions. May be accident-prone. Small children run, jump, and climb constantly.
3) Combined Type: Symptoms of 1 & 2 are equally present.
Several Different Treatment Options
1) Behavioral Interventions: Follow a Schedule; Get organized-put everything in the same place; Limit choices-don’t overwhelm the child on a test or at home; Give immediate feedback and consequences because the child may forget what happened. Remember, they are “in the moment.” Also- always praise effort!
2) Medication: Parents need to consider pros and cons- side effects (weight loss & headaches)
3) Parent Education: These kids may not respond to typical parenting approaches, so parents may need to learn about: organizational strategies, problem-solving strategies, coping skills.
4) Teacher Education: Homework folder/binder, positive reinforcement, awareness of importance of self-esteem issues, different options for accommodations.